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CPR / AED & First Aid Terminology

CPR – Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation – An emergency procedure in which the heart and lungs are made to work by manually compressing the chest overlying the heart and forcing air into the lungs. CPR is used to maintain circulation when the heart stops pumping, usually because of disease, drugs, or trauma.

ACLS – Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support – A set of clinical interventions for the urgent treatment of cardiac arrest and other life threatening medical emergencies.

BLS – Basic Life Support – A level of medical care which is used for patients with life-threatening illness or injury until the patient can be given full medical care.

Defibrillation – Consists of delivering a therapeutic dose of electrical energy to the affected heart with a device called a defibrillator.

AED – Automated External Defibrillator – A portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the potentially life threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia in a patient and is able to treat them through defibrillation, the application of electrical therapy which stops the arrhythmia, allowing the heart to reestablish an effective rhythm.

Resuscitation – The act of reviving a person and returning them to consciousness.

AHA – American Heart Association – A non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke. It is headquartered in Dallas, Texas. The American Heart Association is a national voluntary health agency whose mission is: “Building healthier lives, free of cardiovascular diseases and stroke.”

Lifepak – Brand name of the Cardio-Vert LifePak 550P Monitor/Defibrillator/Pacer.

ACLS – Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support – A set of clinical interventions for the urgent treatment of cardiac arrest and other life threatening medical emergencies.